Best Practices for Conducting and Writing Mixed Methods Research in Social Pharmacy

May 2, 2021


Mixed method approaches are increasingly being used in social pharmacy research due to its potential to uncover insights that are not possible with separate quantitative and qualitative studies. Despite their increasing use, there are some limitations in these publications. Typically, specific mixed method designs are not chosen, quantitative and qualitative data are not systematically integrated, and the credibility or validity of the approach is not addressed. In this paper, we discuss mixed method designs and their applications in social pharmacy. Different integration techniques and legitimation types are detailed. We describe new methodological developments and provide examples from recent mixed method studies in social pharmacy. Finally, we also provide recommendations for planning, conducting, reporting, and evaluating mixed method studies. We suggest that researchers interested in conducting mixed method studies follow recommended guidelines and obtain training in mixed methods to ensure that rigorous mixed method studies are conducted in social and administrative pharmacy.

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This article is cited by 2 publications

  1. Shiyanbola, O. O., Maurer, M., & Wen, M. J. (2022). Protocol for a Pilot Randomized Controlled Mixed Methods Feasibility Trial of a Culturally Adapted Peer Support and Self-Management Intervention for African Americans. Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland), 11(1), 2.
  2. Huang, Y. M., Chan, H. Y., Lee, P. I., Tang, Y. W., Chiou, T. W., Liu, K., & Ho, Y. F. (2022). Exploration of changes in pharmacy students' perceptions of and attitudes towards professionalism: outcome of a community pharmacy experiential learning programme in Taiwan. BMC medical education, 22(1), 195.